The CASSANDRA project (Common Assessment and analysis of risk in global supply chains) aimed to make container security more efficient and effective. The project addressed the visibility needs of both business and government in the international flow of containerised cargo by developing a data-sharing concept that allowed an extended assessment of risks by both business and government. The CASSANDRA concept  improved supply chain visibility, efficiency of trade compliance and effectiveness of border control and supervision by combining E-Freight and E-Customs. CASSANDRA built on previous EC FP7 projects INTEGRITY (Ibility), SMART-CM (Sment) and ITAIDE (Infot).

With increasing flows of containerized traffic and growing emphasis on national security, businesses and government were struggling to find efficient and effective means to ensure full supply chain control and security. A large number of research studies had been conducted to investigate supply chain dependencies, vulnerabilities and resilience. Supply chain security frameworks had been developed to support businesses in improving resilience and security. Governments were launching security programmes to involve in the development of security standards and procedures.